Mohammad Ibrahim Varkiani, in the second volume of his History of Islam, which refers to the peace from Mojtaba to the absence of Mahdavi, writes: “A large number of Sunnis have believed in and are leading the Twelver Imams. They start the Imams from Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) and end with Imam Mahdi (AS). The Ottoman kings also had this tendency and were considered followers of the Bektashi sect (different from the Sufis). For this reason, the Ottoman kings, while repairing the Holy Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, ordered the letters of the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt to be inscribed in the letters of the caliphs and the leaders of the four religions and the special companions of the Prophet (PBUH) on the walls of the courtyard of the Prophet’s shrine. In addition to the shrine of Ali (AS) in Najaf Ashraf, the Bektashis also had a center known as the Bektashi Hosseiniyah.
He also quotes: “Sa’d ibn Hamwiyyah” in his book Al-Masbah fi al-Tasuf, page 99 in a speech entitled “Interpretation of Muhammad and Ahmad” and on page 100 with the title “In the source of the seal of the prophets and the seal of the saints”, contains material that confirms the speech that passed.
On page 386 of Varkiani’s book, it is stated: It has been reported.
More interestingly, there are some points about Imam Mahdi (pbuh) in the books of the Torah, the Bible and the Talmud, and this is a sign of the importance of Mahdism in Islam, but also in the religions of the world and an argument for the authenticity of Shiite thought and their superior understanding of all Islamic and divine differences. Is.
Henry Carbone of France, who has authored many books on Islamic philosophy and its doctrinal issues, and has had detailed interviews and discussions with Professor Allameh Tabatabai. “It is unreasonable for God to ever sever ties with His servants and for there to be no caliph from God on earth,” he said.
Bayhaqi, the great commentator and mystic of the fifth century, says in his book “The Branches of the Faithful” that scientists disagree about Mahdi (pbuh) and after expressing two opinions, he writes that there is nothing wrong with his longevity; As Jesus Ibn Maryam (AS) and Khidr (AS) are like that.
Mohieddin Ibn Arabi is another Sunni scholar who is accepted by philosophers and many Shiite and Sunni mystics. According to Shiite and Sunni scholars, he believed in the Mahdi waiting for the twelfth Imam and Caliph after the Prophet (PBUH) and introduced to him helpers from the past and the future, including Christ and the Companions of the Cave. In his commentary, in writing the first verse of Surah Al-Haqqa, he writes that the meaning of this word is the Day of Resurrection or the Day of Judgment; And the resurrection of the little ones will be the resurrection and return of a group of people at the time of the advent of Hazrat Mahdi (as).
In this book, quoting some other Sunni elders such as Rumi Balkhi, the famous poet of the seventh century, Fazel Roozbehan and Attar Neyshabouri, various articles have been written about his confession and his belief in Imam Zaman (as).
As a result, believing in Hazrat Mahdi (pbuh) – the twelfth caliph of the Prophet (pbuh) – has been accepted by all Muslims and they have argued about him with authentic narrations and relied on many rational and reductionist arguments, the most important of which are the verses of the Holy Quran. It is the night of Ghadr and its narrations.